Natural & Recretion
Changchun has a complete industrial system with 128 categories and over 3,000 types of products.As Changchun's main industry, the manufacturing of transportation facilities and machinery such as those of automobile, passenger train, and tractor has developed very welland its total output constitutes, respectively, 1/5, 1/2, and 1/10 of that of the nation. The industries such as machinery, electronics, optics, chemistry, medicine, textile, metallurgy, building materials and foodstuffs all assume their own featuresand advantages，Abundant in land resources, the city has 1.1 million hectares of cultivated area. The attached counties (cities) produce maize, soy bean, rice and sorghum, etc.. As a national important base for marketable grains, the city maintains a grain yield of the phase level-7 billion kg, and ranks first in grossyield of grains, commodity quantity and commodity proportion among the big cities of the country.
Changchun has a population of 7.12 million; 3.039 million are urban residents, and most are Han nationality. There are 37 minority nationalities in Changchun and the bulk are Manchurians, Muslims, Mongolians, Xibao and Zhuang. The main religion is Buddhism and Taoism. The natives speak Changchun dialect, but the official language is still mandarin.
The level of per capita being educated and the proportion of scientific and technological personnel rank among foremost in the cities of the same type of the country. There are 104 independent institutions of scientific research and 0.32 million technical personnel in specific fields. The rate of the contribution by scientific and technological development to economic increase accounts for 45% in the city which has 27 full time colleges and universities, 586 secondary schoolsof various sorts, 2,000 primary schools and over 30 institutions of higher education for adult. 300 subjects are offered by the institutions of scientific research and design, colleges and universities and they cover all the fields of science and technology. The subjects such as new material technology, applied optics technology, integrating technology of information and optics-mechanics-electricity, polymer chemistry, super conduction research and automobile research occupy a leading position at home and some of them have reached the advanced international level.
Convenient traffic and fast communication
The railways of the city lead to Liaoning Province, Heilongjiang Province, Beijing, Tianjin and Tangshan, and link with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation. The electrified railway from Harbin to Dalian and the expressway from Beijing to Harbin both under construction will furthur improve the traffic of Changchun. Changchun Airport is an international port,with 28 domestic and international air routes opened now.With a well-equipped communication net, the city has linked more than 500 cities at home and more than 180 countries and regions through DD and IDD. within the city proper 0.71 million telephones have been installed . Moreover, the city can receive microwaves and satellite communication.